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Fish Farming

The meaning of fish farming is that the fishes are raised in enclosures be they tanks, ponds or other types. The objective of fish farming is food production. This has become quite lucrative business around the world. Fish is a great source of food and protein and the demand too is high. Nearly every country has hospitable conditions for fish farming business but the coastal ones are more suited. In many areas the fish farming is the only way for livelihood. Mentioned below are benefits of fish farming and the means of starting it.

Purpose of Fish Farming :-

The benefits of fish farming business are immense. The important highlights are given below.
  • Feasibility for large supply of fish which otherwise might not necessarily be fulfilling with respect to huge demand.
  • Till marketing, the rearing can be done in tanks which gives away to huge capturing of wild fish. Hence natural ecosystem is avoided getting disturbed to much extend. Also nutritive value too is more due to diversity in feed with respect to protein and other elements. Therefore farm fish become more healthy as compared to wild ones.
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How to begin Fish Farming Business:-

The initialization of business can be on a small or large level. Many organizations too offer financial aid. Lot of job and employment is created out of this business. For primary protein source more than 1 billion people are dependent. This is either directly or indirectly. Artificial enclosures or natural enclosures such as ponds and cages can be used. Fish species are varied globally. Hence choice for desired species can be made for fish farming. Being a popular food item, there is established fish market and hence worry about marketing need not be there. The fish farming can be done in small as well as large scale. Financial ads too can be provided by many bodies as well as people willing to invest. Due increased dependence in fish farming directly and indirectly hence high income and job opportunities come out with it.

High monetary advantages are being gained in fish farming than in other consumable products. Even for personal use, daily nutritional demands can be met with it.

Selection of Suitable Farm Land/Area:

Identifying of piece of land for business establishment is highly essential because areas vary with respect to suitability. Like the areas near coastal are undoubtedly more suitable. Also somewhat level land is important instead of sloped one. It's always an advantage to establish on a large piece of land for easy maneuverability of associated processes.

The business should be safeguarded from any kind of pollution. Proximity with crop fields should be avoided due the influence of fertilizers and pesticides being used generally which have high chances of getting mixed with water used for fish farming. Also preference should be there for the selected source to be lower than the main water source for natural seepage of water into the enclosure thus cutting costs for filling it otherwise.

For smooth transition of various processes and marketability good transport should be ensured from your selected area again making it more economical for purchase and sell.

Types of Farm:

There are various types of specific fish farms. The enclosure can cage, tank or pond. Raising fishes in cage is done by placing proper cage in lakes, ponds or natural water bodies. In case of raising in tanks, the fishes are reared in artificial enclosures.

For raising in ponds, that too has to be accessed with respect dimensions and the breed of fish.

Specific Fish Species:

Proper fish species is essential to maximize profitability. Proper selection with respect to demand and price in local market is a wise step. Some worth mentioning are carp,salmon,catfish and so on which are in their own varieties available too.


Feeding is very crucial part of fish farming. The fishes should be provided proper nutrition timely. Besides maximizing production the fishes are also kept healthy. So the food should be supplemented with natural intake too. There is wide variety available in market for fish food. Also for making supplementary fish feed by own self one should be well aware about the right ingredients and proper proportions for a wholesome diet for fish.

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Care & Management:

One must ensure in provision of nutritive content in the feed for fish. The freshness of water is necessary which can be managed by ensuring cross flow to prevent stagnation or changing it whole timely. Monitoring of health should be there. Hygiene should be ensured in every respect and precaution from predators too should be ensured.


When the time comes, the fishes being reared need to be taken out of water enclosure for market. For that net can be used. Morning and afternoon hours are normally suitable when low temperature is there. Soon then the fishes should be send to ensure freshness of stock.


Fish marketability is very easy. Wide markets are there for selling fish as there is great demand.After harvesting the fish can be easily marketed in local area too. Many companies too export fish to foreign countries. Hence the marketability is easy. Fish farming being highly profitable has lot of avenues. Those willing to join should visit fish farms in his or her area for gaining practical know how.